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《中国经济大讲堂》 20180322 “僵尸企业”怎么“破”?

2019-05-24 16:30 来源:江苏快讯

  《中国经济大讲堂》 20180322 “僵尸企业”怎么“破”?

  ChengYonghua,ChineseAmbassadortoJapan,speaksduringanewsconferenceatJapanNationalPressClubinTokyo,July23,2015.[Photo/VCG]ThetripwillbefirstonebyaChinesepremierineightyearsTOKYO-ChinesePremierLiKeqiangsupcomingtriptoJapanisofgreatsignificancetobilateralrelationsaswellasregionalcooperationandprosperity,meetingofChina,JapanandtheRepublicofKorea,,theambassadorsaid,isexpectedtofurtherconsolidatethewarming-upyearsofthisdecade,whichseriouslydamagedthepoliticalmutualtrustandpracticalinterestsofthetwocountries,,thetwosidesreachedafour-pointagreementthatreaffirmedtheprinciplesforthemtoproperlyhandlehistorical,territorialandotherissues,andbilateraltiesbegantoimprove,,Chengsaid,hasfurtherincreasedsinceChinesePresidentXiJinpingmetinMay2017inBeijingwithToshihiroNikai,secretary-generaloftheLiberalDemocraticParty,wholedtheJap-JapanTreatyofPeaceandFriendship,ChengsaidthetwoneighandJapanshouldsticktopeace,friendshipandcooperation,whichisnotonlythesolecorrectchoiceforthetwosides,butalsothecommonaspirationoftheinternationalcommunity,especiallytheAsiancountries,,bilateralexchangesan,bilateraltradereturnedtoabovethe$300billionlevelandpersonnelexchangesincreasedtoarecordhighof10million,,ChinaandJapanaresharingmoreandmorecommoninterests,saidCheng,addingthatastwoimportantplayersinAsiaandbeyond,thetwocountriesalsoshoulderthecommonresponsibili,hesuggested,shouldseizetheopportunitytostrengthenexchangesandcooperationinvariousfields,continuouslyexpandtheircommoninterests,,LisofficialvisittoJapanandattendanceatthetrilateralleadersmeetingareworthlookingforwardto,theambassadorsaid."Ibelievethatwiththejointeffortsofthetwosides,thisvisitwillhelpbringChina-Japanrelationsbacktotherighttracksothattheycanrealizesoundandstabledevelopment,"Shanghaigovernmentandinternationalpartnerscelebratedthelaunchof‘AmazingShanghai’,apromotionaleventfortheinauguralChinaInternationalImportExpo,atLiverpool’InternationalBusineesFestivalonTuesday.[PhotobyCecilyLiu/ChinaDaily]ShanghaidelegatesvisitingsistercityLiverpoolthisweekfortheInternationalBusinessFestivalareurgingBritishcomp,vice-mayorofShanghai,saidthenewexpoisavitalmovetofurtheropentheChinesemarkettotherestoftheworld,’sflagshipbiannualtradefair,where7,000internationalbusinessesgatheroverthreeweeksseekingtosecuretradedeals.“Forbusinesseswithaglobalvision,theChinaInternationalImportExpoissomethingyoucannotmiss,”saidXu.“Chinahasabigmarket,whereconsumptionanddemandforimportedgoodsgrowrapidly.”Chinaisexpectedtoimportmorethan$10trillioningoodsandservicesoverthenextfiveyears,’stransitionintoaconsumption-ledgrowthmodel,,co-hostedbyChina’sMinistryofCommerceandShanghaismunicipalgovernment,’sreformandopeningup,whichprovidesthebackdroptoChina’,PresidentXiJinpingannouncedfurthermeasurestoopenChina’,vice-mayorofLiverpool,saidthestronglinkbetweenthetwocitiesischaracterizedbytrade,partnership,,100companiesacrossmorethan100countriesandregionshaveregisteredtoattendtheChinaInternationalImportExpo,onNov5–10,,andbusinessesfromShanghaihavebeenvisitingLiverpool’hitecturaldesignbetweenShanghai’swaterfront,alsoknownastheBund,andthefamousThreeGracesskylineatLiverpool’,aninitiativeoftheLiverpoolgovernment,hasalreadyboostedUKtradeandinvestmentactivitiesbyacumulated600millionpounds($800million).Theorganizershopethe2018festivalw,headofHSBCUK’sChinaDesk,saidUK-Chinatraderelationsareyettoreachtheirfullpotential.“Thereisgreatcomplementarity,asBritainhasexpertiseinmanysectorsthatareofstrategicfocusinChina,includingrobotics,railwaytransport,marineenergy,newenergy,newmaterials,andpharmaceutical,”,BritishcompaniesstillencounterchallengesinChina,includingculturalunderstanding,localmanagementpracticesandfindingsuitablelocalstrategyandbusinessmodels,hesaid.

Chinawilltakeaslewofincentivestofurtherboostimportsinordertodrivedomesticindustrialupgradingandbettermeettheincreasinglydiversifiedconsumptiondemandsofpeople,theStateCoun,PresidentXiJinpingannouncedthatChinawillexpandimportsandachievegreaterbalanceininternationalpaymentsunderthecurrentaccount,awillactivelyexpandimportsandlowerimporttariffsongoodssuchasautomobilesandeverydayconsumerproducts,topromoteindustrialupgradingandmerofgoodsfornineconsecutiveyears,tradeinservices,lyconsumergoods,medicine,aswellasnursingandrehabilitationfacilities,tionalproceduresandunreasonablepriceincreases,,andimportsofproducerservicescoveringresearchanddesign,tradelogistics,consultingservices,,wiromotingtheAuthorizedEconomicOperator(AEO),,acreditinformationsysteminforeigntradeaswellasenhancedintellectualpropertyrightsprotectionareneedewroundofhigh-standardopening-up,toeconomicrestructuring,andtoeconomictransformationandhigh-qualitydevelopment,,,CulturalministersoftheShanghaiCooperationOrganizationmemberstatesjoinhandsatthemeetinginSanya,Hainanprovince,onThursday.[PhotobyShaXiaofeng/ForChinaDaily]The15thMeetingofCulturalMinistersoftheShanghaiCooperationOrganizationMemberStateswasheldinSanya,Hainanprovince,,LuoShugang,Chinasministerofcultureandtourism,expressedthegoodwilloftheChinesegoverntatesinpromot"Shanghaispirit"tgestedthatlocalunderstandingandfriendshipwithSCOmemberstates,basedonprinciplesofmutualrespectandmutualbenefits,toprovideethicalandculturatesmaderemarkableprogressinthepastyear,andreportspresentedatthemeetingaboutdiversifiedexchangesandcooperationclearlyshowestanintotheSCOandencouragingmoredirectcontactsandpracticalexchangesofculturalorganizationswithinSCOmemberstates,aswellasjointcreationofculturalproductsandworks."IndiahasalonghistoryofculturalexchangeswithChinaandotherSCOmemberstates,"saidMaheshSharma,Indiasministerofculture."JoiningtheSCOhasprovidedanewplatform,greaterspaceandopportunitiesforexchangesandcooperation.""nddiversifiedculture-tofurtherexploreanddevelopwiderculturalexchangesandcooperationthatcouldincludetourism,education,science,archaeology,music,dramaandevenyoga."VladimirAristarhov,theRussianFederationsfirstvice-ministerofculture,saidatthemeeting:"MoremultilateralcooperationamongsmallercitiesinSCOmemberstatesshouldbedeveloped,andmorediversifiedcooperationprogramsincludingeducation,culturalcontests,artfestivalsandexchangesofstudentsshouldbecultivatedtoproduceculturalcohesion."AtawelcomedinneronTuesday,ShenXiaoming,thegovernorofHainan,saidSCOmemberstatesareimportanttouristresourcesfortheprovince,whichisdevelopinganinternationaltourismandconsumptioncenoreplatformstopromoteculturalandtourismexchangesandcooperationwithSCOmemberstates,Shensaid.

  StudentsonstagecreateafeastfortheeyesduringAidiInternationalSchool’sculturalfestivalheldattheForbiddenCityConcertHallinBeijingonJune12.[]Withthethemeof"PayingTributetoChineseTraditionalCulture",aculturalfestivalorganizedbyAidiInternationalSchool,aleaderininternationaleducationinChina,:thesummermusicconcertGlobalCitizenswithaChineseIdentity,theculturalsalonNationalTreasureKeeper,,founderoftheAidiInternationalSchool,thebrilliantperformancesandworksofartfromstudentsaretheepitomeoftheircarefulstudiesinChinesecultureandworldculture."ForChineseinternationalstudents,learningaboutChineseculturecanhelpthemestablishtheirownculturalidentity,whileworldculturalstudiescanbroadentheirhorizons."Duringthe100-minutesummermusicconcert,avarietyofprogramsfeaturingmusic,dance,choirandoperawerepresented,,Chineseauthor,playwrightandsingerWuShuang,togetherwithseveralprimaryschoolstudents,performedthemelodramaMyStage,theclimaxoftheconcert."Thosethingsbelongingtoanationshouldbesharedwiththeworld,"saidWu."AsIhavelivedinforeigncountriesformorethan10years,IdeeplyunderstandtheimportanceofmixingEasterncivilizationwiththeWest."Shesharedherhopethatmoreandmorechildrencanactasabridgebetweendifferentcultures.,Minnesota,US,June12,2018,inthisimageobtainedfromsocialmedia.[Photo/Agencies]MINNEAPOLIS—Araccoonthatbec,Minneapolis,US,,accordingtoWildlifeManagementServices,"Itseatingnormally,"saidChristinaValdivia,thecompanysgeneralmanager,sadventurescausedastironsocialmediaasitscaledthetowerTuesday,withmanyTwitterusersvoicingconcernforitssafetyorjokingaboutthedramaasits,,afemale,wasreleasedlaterinthedayandscamperedin,whichbrokethestoryandcloselyfollowedtheraccoonsclimbfromitsheadquarterslessthanablockaway,brandedtheanimal#mprraccoon.

  Kulangsu,asmallislandofftheshoreofXiameninFujianprovince,andHohXil,anaturereserveinQinghaiprovince,wereaddedtothkow,,calledKulangsuinthelocaldialectandknownforitswell-preservedhistoricalbuildings,andHolXil,aplateaufamousforitsnaturalbeautyandbiodiversity,Chinanowhas52sitesinscribedontheUNESCOWorldHeritagelist,whichwasestablishedtosafegsrecaponthe52heritagesitesinChina,whichmaygiveyousomecluesonyournexttravelplan.ThreecrestedibisesflyonSadoIsland,Japan,onDec27,2016.[Photo/IC]TOKYO-Crestedibises,theiconicbirdsthatwereonthevergeofextinctioninJapaninthe1980s,arenowprosperingandprovidingaboosttothelocaleconomyontheislandofSado,thankstoChina,theisland,white-plumedcrestedibisescanbeseenhuntingforfoodinthepaddyfields."Wecanseethesebirdsforaginginthemorningandeveningallseasonsnow,astherearecrestedibisesnestsnearourricefields,",coveringanareaof855squarekilometersandwithapopulationof55,000people,isisseenasanadvantageousresourceontheislandgivenitsrecognitionbytheUnitedNationsFoodan,,thenumberofcrestedibisesinJapanplunged",foodconsumedbycrestedibises,suchasfrogsandsmallfish,disappearedfromthepaddies,andcrestedibisesalsowenttoextinct,"saidTakayukiNishimaki,,theJapanesegovernmentcapturedthelastfivewi,thelastJapanese-borncrestedibisdiedatthecenterattheageof36,screstedibisesontheislandarealldescendantsofthosefromnorthwestChina,whiletheworldwasholdingitsbreathfortheendangeredspecies,sevenwildcrestedibiseswerediscoveredinthemountainsofShaanxi."Thegloomintheconservationcenter(inSado)wasdispelledbythegoodnews....Thesebirdsweretosavethespeciesfromextinction,"HiroyukiIshi,anenvironmentaljournalistandscientist,,Chinasuccessfullylaunchedit,twocrestedibiseswenttoSadoasagiftfromChina,,,thecityofSadoplanstoincreasethenumberofforeigntouristsfrom1,510in2011to5,000by2019,accordingtoHiroakiIwasaki,alocalgovernmentofficial,,crestedibiseshavebecomeabrandoftheirownforlocalproducts,especiallyagriculturalproducts."Weproduce20,000tonsofriceeveryyear,enoughtosatisfytheneedsof500,000peopleayear,whichistentimesofthepopulationofSado,"saidManabuWatabe,,localfarmersstressedthattheirriceis"producedinharmonywithcrestedibises".Toproducesuchrice,farmersmustmakethericepaddiesaneffectiveecologicalsystem,wheresmallcreaturescoexistinharmonyandcrestedibiseshaveplentyoffood,Nishimakiexplained."Crestedibisesincreasedemandsonprotectingtheenvironment,andthebirdssuccessfullybreedinghereshowsthatthericehereissafe,"

ChineseCultureandTourismMinisterLuoShugangdeliveresthekeynotespeechduringthe15thCulturalMinistersMeetingoftheMemberStatesoftheShanghaiCooperationOrganizationonMay17.[PhotobyWuWei/]The15thCulturalMinistersMeetingoftheMemberStatesoftheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)washeldinSanya,Hainanprovince,betweenMay16and17,witheightmemberstatesco-signingthedocumentMinutesofthe15thCulturalMinistersMeetingoftheMemberStatesoftheShanghaiCooperationOrganizationthatfocusreementonIntergovernmentalCulturalCooperationfortheMemberStatesoftheShanghaiCooperationOrganizationandPressReleaseforthe15thCulturalMinisters,includingIndia,Kazakhstan,Kyrgyzstan,Pakistan,Russia,Tajikistan,andUzbekistan,aswellasrepresentati,Luointroducedthegreatsignificanceofthe19thNationalCongressoftheCommunistPartyofChinaandtheThoughtonSocialismwithChinesecharacteristicsforaNewEra,andsaidthatChinawillworkhandinhandwiththerestoftheworldtocreateacommunityofsharedfutureformankind.

  Chinawilltakeaslewofincentivestofurtherboostimportsinordertodrivedomesticindustrialupgradingandbettermeettheincreasinglydiversifiedconsumptiondemandsofpeople,theStateCoun,PresidentXiJinpingannouncedthatChinawillexpandimportsandachievegreaterbalanceininternationalpaymentsunderthecurrentaccount,awillactivelyexpandimportsandlowerimporttariffsongoodssuchasautomobilesandeverydayconsumerproducts,topromoteindustrialupgradingandmerofgoodsfornineconsecutiveyears,tradeinservices,lyconsumergoods,medicine,aswellasnursingandrehabilitationfacilities,tionalproceduresandunreasonablepriceincreases,,andimportsofproducerservicescoveringresearchanddesign,tradelogistics,consultingservices,,wiromotingtheAuthorizedEconomicOperator(AEO),,acreditinformationsysteminforeigntradeaswellasenhancedintellectualpropertyrightsprotectionareneedewroundofhigh-standardopening-up,toeconomicrestructuring,andtoeconomictransformationandhigh-qualitydevelopment,,,

  BritainsroyalpatriarchPrincePhilip,filephoto.[Photo/VCG]LONDON-BritainsroyalpatriarchPrincePhilipturned97onSunday,-leastofalloverhimself-QueenElizabethIIshusbandhasnoplansforcelebrationsashemovesastepnearerto100."Hewillbespendingitprivately,"sofficialbirthdaycelebrationsonSaturday,whenotherseniorroinAugust,thelastof22,,hedidattendtheweddingofhisgrandsonPrinceHarryandMeghanMarkleatWindsorCastleonMay19,,,,,Asmellwake-upalarmcalledSensorWakeTrioisraisingfundsthroughacrowdfundingcampaignuntilJuly13.[Photo/IC]Entrepreneurshavebeenchangingpeople,whichcouldwakeyouupwithsmellssuchasfreshlybrewedcoffee,,apatternoflightsaretriggeredonitsface,beforefinally,afteranotherminute,agentlemelodycommencesjustincasethewaftingsmellhasntalreadywokenyouup,accordingtoKickstarter,wherethealarm,onecann,andonecanchangecapsulestoswitchmorningaromasfromdaytoday.

  (L-R)SomalianDeputyMinisterofHumanitarianAffairsandDisasterManagementElmiOmarAinsane,UNICEFSomaliaRepresentativeStevenLauwerier,andChineseAmbassadortoSomaliaQinJianposeforphotosduringadonationceremonyinMogadishu,Somalia,onNov21,2017.[Photo/Xinhua]MOGADISHU-ChineseAmbassadortoSomaliaQinJianonTuesdayvisitedChina-fundedhealthfacilityinMogadishusWadjirdistrictwhereabout15,sfund(UNCIEF)benefitedfrom$,QinreiteratedhisgovernmentssupporttoSomalipeople,addingthatBeijinghasalsogivendonationsworth$lyutilizingthemoney."WearesupportingSomalidevelopmentprojects,humanitarianassistance,peaceandalsogivingoutscholarships,"ego,500childrenwhowereinitiallysufferingfrommalnutritionsinceinception."WeareveryhappyandproudofourrelationshipwiththeChinesegovernmentthatwillgoalongwayinhelpingsavelivesofchildreninthecountry,"hesaida,aMedicalCoordinatoratthehealthfacility,thenewlyrefurbishedcentertreated35,356childrenlastyear."Wescreenedatotalof34,784children,1,422childrenweretreatedwithseveremalnutritionand74werehospitalizedlastyear,"Ahmedsaid.

  [Photo/VCG]Chinasbigfourtelecomcompanieswillinvestmorethan200billionyuan($31billion)infouryearstobuildupcutting-edgeinformationinfrastructureforfifth-generationmobilecommunicationtechnologyinthenation,ChinaUnicom,ChinaTelecomandChinaTowerCorpsaidtheywouldbuildupagloballypioneering5GapplicationnetworkacrosstheYangtzeRiverDeltaregionby2021,aspartofadealthattheyhaveinkedwithauthoritiesfromShanghaianditsthreeneighboringprovincesofZhejiang,,thefourcompaniesplantobuildtheworld,theYangtzeRiverDeltaregionwillbeamongthefirsttoaccesspre-commercial5Gservicesbeforetelecomcompaniesformallyrolloutthenetworkin2020,accordingtoastatementfromsbroaderpushtoleadtheworldintheapplicationof5G,asuperfasttechnologythatcanallowconsumerstodownloadan8-gigabitmovieinsech,layingaf,deputyheadoftheChinaMobileResearchInstitute,,itisaplatfor,themarketsizeofChina,,vice-presidentoftheChinaAcademyofInformationandCommunicationsTechnology,s,itisracingaheadinresearchanddevelopment,halfofnextyearattheearliestandwillbeamongthefirsttoissue5Glicensesintheworld,Wangsaidearlierthisyear.BEIJING-YangJiechi,amemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChina(CPC)CentralCommittee,metwithGhana,whoisalsodirectoroftheOfficeoftheForeignAffairsCommissionoftheCPCCentralCommittee,saidbothcountrieshaveatraditionalfriendshipandChinaiswillingtoworkotoattendtheForumonChina-AfricaCooperationsummitinBeijing,sforeignpolicytowardAfrica,Botchweysaid,notingthatGhanasupportstheBeltandRoadInitiativeandiswillingtocarryforwardbilateralfriendship,learnfromChinaijing,caCooperationandjointlybuildtheBeltandRoad,Wangsaid,notingthatChinaiswillingtocontinueexploringthepotentialofcooperationwithGhanainlinewiththeprincipleofconsultation,jointcontributionandsharedbenefits,snewgovernmentattachesgreatimportancetoitsrelationswithChinaandwillfirmlyadheretotheone-Chinapolicy.

  AllanGabor,managingdirectorofperformancematerialsofMerckChina.[Photo/VCG]EditorsNote:Thisyearmarksthe40thanniversaryofChinaaniesfortheirviewsonthecountry:IthastakenChinajust40yearstobecometheworld,,:Chinawouldno,ChinasentryintotheInternationalCouncilforHarmonizationwillgreatlyimprovei:formandopening-upprGree,theyhavenotjustgrowninsize,,Ivealsoseensignificantimprovementsinpeopleshealth,,,thecountryhassetupmedicinepilotzonesinBoao,Hainanprovince,,whatprogressinotherfieldshaveyouwitnessedinChinain,theyarereallylookingtoexpressthemselvesnset:ChinasFive-YearPlanmechanismhasprovedsuccessful,,,thefasttakeoffine-commercecouldfacilitatetradeinremoteareasandthereasthebiggestchallenge,themortalityratefromchronicdiseasesisstillhigh,suressuchasopeningoursecond-largestdrugplantinNantong,Jiangsuprovince,whichproducespharmaceuticalsonthecountry,agetoprovidemoreinnovativeandhigh-qualitymedicineandhealthcareproductsthatimprovepeople,wehavedrugshelpingdiabetes,,wesupportthedevelopmentoforganiclight-emittingdiodetechnologytohelpflatpaneldi,wehelpourcustomersinC,wedontjustbenefitfromChina,,wehaveteamedupwithomesticcompaniesaremovingupinmanygoodways,,sspartners,asisexemplifiedinasroleintheworldtodayTraditionally,-politically,:WenowleveragetalentedpeopleinChinatocontributetoourglobalstrategies,,PresidentXiJinpingintroducedahostofpowerfulmeasurestofurtheropentheworldandresponsibilitiesflowdownthroughdiffe,mpressedbyhowthenationmajorincidentslikethebattleagainstsev,vibrant,innovativeandinclusive.

  TheartexhibitionSanctuaryisunderwayatLangYuanVintageinBeijinguntilJune19.[]myplace."Itislikereopeningaworldforgottenbyhumanbeings,"Jean-CharlesPenot,artistoftheshow,saidtoChinaDailywebsite."Alongtimeago,epowerofwaterandhowwaterbringslifeandhopetopeople."GrowingupinacoastaltownnearBordeauxofFrance,Penotwasdeeplyinfluencedbyhisgrandfatherandbecameanatureloverhimself."Hetaughtmetogrowvegetables,showedmethebeautyoftheforest,namesofeverysingleplant,"Penotsaid."Mygrandpataughtmehowtorespectnatureandhownaturewillalwaysgiveyouback."

  Thisvasegatheringdustinaloftturnedouttobeahugely-importantChinesevasewhichhassoldafteratenseauctionroombattle.[Photo/VCG]UnsuspectingownersbroughtthetreasureinashoeboxforvaluationAlong-forgottenandrareChineseim($19million)atSothebyhevase-decoratedwithdeerandcranes-at500,ssaidthevaseisofexceptionalrarityandtheonlyknownexampleofitskind,bearingamarkfromthereignoftheQianlongEmperor(1736-95).The18thcenturyporcelainvasewasfoundbychanceamongdozensofotherpiecesofChinoiseriesinanatticbyitsunsuspectingowners,,SothebysAsianartsexpert,openedtheboxtoexaminethevase,hewasimmediatelystruckbyitsquality."Thisisamajorworkofart,itisasifwehadjustdiscoveredaCaravaggio,"uncleandappearsa,"tookthetrain,thenthemetroandwalkedonfootthroughthedoorsofSothebysandintomyofficewiththevaseinashoeboxprotectedbynewspaper".Headded:"Whensheputtheboxonmydeskandweopeneditwewereallstunnedbythebeautyofthepiece."However,theexactprovenanceoftheitembefore1947cannotbetraced.Kulangsu,asmallislandofftheshoreofXiameninFujianprovince,andHohXil,anaturereserveinQinghaiprovince,wereaddedtothkow,,calledKulangsuinthelocaldialectandknownforitswell-preservedhistoricalbuildings,andHolXil,aplateaufamousforitsnaturalbeautyandbiodiversity,Chinanowhas52sitesinscribedontheUNESCOWorldHeritagelist,whichwasestablishedtosafegsrecaponthe52heritagesitesinChina,whichmaygiveyousomecluesonyournexttravelplan.

  

  《中国经济大讲堂》 20180322 “僵尸企业”怎么“破”?

 
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雾霾终于风,心霾终于段子?

ThreecrestedibisesflyonSadoIsland,Japan,onDec27,2016.[Photo/IC]TOKYO-Crestedibises,theiconicbirdsthatwereonthevergeofextinctioninJapaninthe1980s,arenowprosperingandprovidingaboosttothelocaleconomyontheislandofSado,thankstoChina,theisland,white-plumedcrestedibisescanbeseenhuntingforfoodinthepaddyfields."Wecanseethesebirdsforaginginthemorningandeveningallseasonsnow,astherearecrestedibisesnestsnearourricefields,",coveringanareaof855squarekilometersandwithapopulationof55,000people,isisseenasanadvantageousresourceontheislandgivenitsrecognitionbytheUnitedNationsFoodan,,thenumberofcrestedibisesinJapanplunged",foodconsumedbycrestedibises,suchasfrogsandsmallfish,disappearedfromthepaddies,andcrestedibisesalsowenttoextinct,"saidTakayukiNishimaki,,theJapanesegovernmentcapturedthelastfivewi,thelastJapanese-borncrestedibisdiedatthecenterattheageof36,screstedibisesontheislandarealldescendantsofthosefromnorthwestChina,whiletheworldwasholdingitsbreathfortheendangeredspecies,sevenwildcrestedibiseswerediscoveredinthemountainsofShaanxi."Thegloomintheconservationcenter(inSado)wasdispelledbythegoodnews....Thesebirdsweretosavethespeciesfromextinction,"HiroyukiIshi,anenvironmentaljournalistandscientist,,Chinasuccessfullylaunchedit,twocrestedibiseswenttoSadoasagiftfromChina,,,thecityofSadoplanstoincreasethenumberofforeigntouristsfrom1,510in2011to5,000by2019,accordingtoHiroakiIwasaki,alocalgovernmentofficial,,crestedibiseshavebecomeabrandoftheirownforlocalproducts,especiallyagriculturalproducts."Weproduce20,000tonsofriceeveryyear,enoughtosatisfytheneedsof500,000peopleayear,whichistentimesofthepopulationofSado,"saidManabuWatabe,,localfarmersstressedthattheirriceis"producedinharmonywithcrestedibises".Toproducesuchrice,farmersmustmakethericepaddiesaneffectiveecologicalsystem,wheresmallcreaturescoexistinharmonyandcrestedibiseshaveplentyoffood,Nishimakiexplained."Crestedibisesincreasedemandsonprotectingtheenvironment,andthebirdssuccessfullybreedinghereshowsthatthericehereissafe,"

个人的精神胜利法那是没办法的自慰,检测或者治理部门也这么玩,幽默就变成荒诞了。环保局回应说要认真调查处理,但愿这个“认真”劲儿,不会被大风吹跑。

文丨特约评论员  麦徒

总嚷着自己在“吃土”的人,这两天如愿了。

大概是不甘于让雾霾独美,容它独得段子恩宠,北京久违的沙尘天气卷“土”重来。“黄”天厚土不止眷顾那些好“吃土”的,还玩了个雨露……尘土均沾:说来咱就来啊,你有我有全都有啊。风沙、雾霾、柳絮三合一高级虐胃套餐,上齐了,请慢用。

在街头画风骤然从“清明上河图”变成“大唐西域记”的情境下,那些“阳光打在脸上,温暖留在心头”的指望是没有的,满脸灰土,分分钟教会我们放弃煽情、认清现实:雾霾与沙尘齐飞,天空共黄土一色。在沙尘、雾霾等自然系异能者面前,做绿萝还是做防护林,这可不是二选一的问题,而是全选题。

“眼前荒沙弥漫了等候”,也泼了那些关于风沙的浪漫想象一地狗血。“你是风儿我是沙”,这下真跟浪漫无关了,缠缠绵绵也只能成双煞;唱着“怎么大风越狠,我心越荡”的人,谁还敢幻如一丝尘土?

大抵还是那句“在漫天风沙里,望着你远去,我竟悲伤得不能自已”能解心怀:不悲伤不行,因为漫天风沙里,可能望不到别人远去,能见度低到辣眼,近在咫尺却相忘于街头,倒是很有可能。毕竟,这场风沙在发射标志性建筑的功力上,可不逊于雾霾。

原来雾霾天气里,PM2.5破千已是爆表了,可今天尚未退去的沙尘天气,告诉了雾霾什么叫望“尘”莫及:你PM2.5破千?呵呵,我PM10破2000,你服不服?

雾霾沙尘“PM指数”竞比高,身临“阆苑仙境”或“黄沙古渡”其境的人们,肺部却未必承受得了。以往雾霾天里我们不得不“被吸烟”,现在可好,连“吃土”都不由分说了。想不“吃土”?除了做个“蒙面人”——戴个口罩、丝巾、帽子,你还真没太多办法。

想来也悲伤:这两天很多人都在讨论传统武术,说武术应该回归“御敌击技”的本质,但能御之敌都是看得见的,真碰上看不见的大敌,像沙尘雾霾,你就算武功练得再好,也没用啊。

何况还有南方的好事者拉仇恨:我在南方的艳阳里四季花开,你在北方的风沙里吃土到high。

何以解忧,唯有段子。在重霾频袭的背景下,段子早就成了人们的“护体神功”:你有雾霾,我有段子;你雾霾再来,我段子再迎上……向段子要法子,是人们习惯的路数。要多了,雾霾之类的问题就不是问题了,有没有段子供大家开心才是问题。所谓革命乐观主义精神,不就是“苦中作乐”多了,慢慢就成了“以苦为乐”嘛。

此次将持续多日、影响范围涵盖近1/6国土的沙尘天气来袭,坊间的段子产能似乎没太跟上,但也没缺席:在微博上,“古有草船借箭,今有盖房借沙”的段子就被顶得老高——“刘备想盖别墅,诸葛亮日观天象掐指一算说:只买水泥就行。刘备问:那沙子呢?诸葛亮说:沙子一会儿就到”。

雾霾终于风,心霾终于段子。风沙大致也一样,赶走沙尘天气得“等风来”,赶走沙尘带来的灰色心情也得靠段子。有了段子,雾霾沙尘也就从坏心情源头,变成艺术创作借题发挥的由头了。

若钩沉索隐,北方的沙尘天气早已有之,明代的袁中道大概是被沙尘呛得够厉害,对沙尘怨念不浅:“阳春日以化,我愁方未艾。燕中多红尘,飚起市茫昧。但恐尘沙气,结轖为身害。何不发飘风,吹我入吴会。”“白日无光天欲泣,北风吹水水皆立。直卷尘沙入云霄,下界茫茫失都邑。”“谭锋甫畅,而飚风自北来,尘埃蔽天,对面不见人,中目塞口,嚼之有声。冻枝落,古木号,乱石击。……坐至丙夜,口中尚含沙尚砾砾。”“满目尘沙塞路蹊,梦魂久已忆山栖。谁知烟水清溪曲,只在天都紫陌西。镇日浮舟穿柳涧,有时调马出花畦。到来宾主纷相失,总似仙源径易迷。”……同样是被风沙袭击,人家苦大仇深,咱们几个段子就能释怀,这就是境界差距。

说到底,风沙不要紧,只要信念真。你看,有“雾炮车”不就被曝出在北京奥体中心附近,对着监测站点一直喷吗?有人说这是搞检测数据造假,但其实不然,这是践行某种信念:雾霾风沙什么的,不可怕,只要多喷喷,监测数据下来了,不信咱们精神上战胜不了它。

当然这是玩笑。个人的精神胜利法那是没办法的自慰,检测或者治理部门也这么玩,幽默就变成荒诞了。环保局回应说要认真调查处理,但愿这个“认真”劲儿,不会被大风吹跑。

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